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			PubMed Journals: J Emerg Manag

  Source:		PMID: 32031668


    		J Emerg Manag. 2020 Jan/Feb;18(1):7-14. doi:
     		10.5055/jem.2020.0446.

			An integrative review of the limited evidence on
			international travel bans as an emerging
			infectious disease disaster control measure.

			Errett NA(1), Sauer LM(2), Rutkow L(3).

			Author Information
			(1) Department of Environmental and
			Occupational Health Sciences,
			University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
			(2) Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns
			Hopkins School of Medicine,
			Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
			(3) Department of Health Policy and
			Management, Johns Hopkins University,
			Baltimore, Maryland.

			In our increasingly interconnected world, the
			potential for emerging infectious diseases
			(EIDs) to spread globally is of paramount
			concern. Travel bans-herein defined as the
			complete restriction of travel from at least one
			geographic region to at least one other
			international geographic region-are a potential
			policy solution to control the global spread of
			disease. The social, economic, and
			health-related consequences of travel bans, as
			well as the available evidence on the
			effectiveness of travel restrictions in preventing
			the global spread of influenza, have been
			previously described. However, the
			effectiveness of travel bans in reducing the
			spread of noninfluenza EIDs, characterized by
			different rates and modes of transmission, is
			less well understood. This study employs an
			integrative review approach to summarize the
			minimal evidence on effectiveness of travel
			bans to decrease the spread of
			severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS),
			Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS),
			Ebola virus disease (EVD), and
			Zika virus disease (ZVD). We describe and
			qualify the evidence presented in six modeling
			studies that assess the effectiveness of travel
			bans in controlling these noninfluenza EID
			events. We conclude that there is an urgent
			need for additional research to inform policy
			decisions on the use of travel bans and other
			control measures to control noninfluenza EIDs
			in advance of the next outbreak.

			DOI: 10.5055/jem.2020.0446 PMID: 32031668

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